After Monte Alban: Transformation and Negotiation in Oaxaca, by Jeffrey P. Blomster

By Jeffrey P. Blomster

After Monte Albán finds the richness and interregional relevance of Postclassic alterations within the sector referred to now as Oaxaca, which lies among primary Mexico and the Maya zone and, as individuals to this quantity show, accomplished cultural centrality in pan-Mesoamerican networks. huge nucleated states all through Oaxaca collapsed after seven-hundred C.E., together with the good Zapotec kingdom situated within the Valley of Oaxaca, Monte Albán. Elite tradition replaced in basic methods as small city-states proliferated in Oaxaca, every one with a brand new ruling dynasty required to plot novel concepts of legitimization. the majority of the inhabitants, although, sustained continuity in way of life, faith, and cosmology.

Contributors synthesize those local changes and continuities within the reduce Rio Verde Valley, the Valley of Oaxaca, and the Mixteca Alta. they supply information from fabric tradition, structure, codices, ethnohistoric files, and ceramics, together with a revised ceramic chronology from the overdue vintage to the top of the Postclassic that would be an important to destiny investigations. After Monte Albán establishes Postclassic Oaxaca's crucial position within the examine of Mesoamerican antiquity.

Contributors comprise Jeffrey P. Blomster, Bruce E. Byland, Gerardo Gutierrez, Byron Ellsworth Hamann, Arthur A. Joyce, Stacie M. King, Michael D. Lind, Robert Markens, Cira Martínez López, Michel R. Oudijk, and Marcus Winter.

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Extra info for After Monte Alban: Transformation and Negotiation in Oaxaca, Mexico (Mesoamerican Worlds: from the Olmecs to the Danzantes)

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The new products, different regional partners, and the mechanisms of exchange and distribution represented significant disjunctions with the past. As trade and interaction reached new heights of intensity throughout Meso­ america in the centuries before the arrival of the Spanish, the agents of this exchange varied between regions. Rather than a specialized long-distance trader class, such as the Aztec pochteca, it appears that among the Mixtecs it was the junior nobility who organized expeditions for rulers (Pohl 2003a).

Mural painting, exemplified in Classic and Late Classic Monte Albán tombs, also continues into the Postclassic. Indeed, codices may represent a transformation of this venerable tradition onto a more portable medium. Perhaps the appearance of codices reflects the Late Classic trend of smaller sites throughout the Valley of Oaxaca erecting genealogical registers that celebrate activities of their ruling elite. Many of the prehispanic beliefs that continue to manifest themselves in modern Oaxaca villages have roots that extend prior to the Late Classic/Postclassic transition.

Due to the antagonistic relationships between Mixtec city-states, exchange often took place at annual religious events in the boundary areas between major cacicazgos. Thus, political conflicts did not disrupt economic relationships (Pohl et al. 1997). To some, the interconnected economies and interdependencies that developed during the Postclassic in Mesoamerica formed a world system (Smith and Berdan 2003a). One recent effort at defining a Postclassic world system conceives it as a “large-scale zone of economic and social interactions that tied together independent polities, and these interactions had significant impacts on the participating societies” (Smith and Berdan 2003a:4).

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