Aid, Peacebuilding and the Resurgence of War: Buying Time in by Sarah Holt (auth.)

By Sarah Holt (auth.)

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There are widespread misgivings regarding the record of marketisation and civil war. 70 E. 72 Despite misgivings as to their potential to contribute to greater instability, liberal economic theories are a dominant part of the peacebuilding discourse. During the late 1990s a new strand of research emerged taking a somewhat different view on the economic causes of conflict. This was due to the ending of the Cold War, and what Mary Kaldor called the ‘new wars’, that had materialised since. 73 David Keen argued these ‘new wars’ were not irrational or anarchic, on the contrary ‘it is the re-ordering of society in particular ways.

Field research carried out in 2005, three and a half years after the ceasefire began, found that despite the observable impact of millions of dollars in aid, the causes of the conflict remained untouched by considerable local economic recovery. It details the recovery of the Mannar district, bisected by the frontline between the Sri Lankan Armed Forces (SLAF) and the Liberation Tigers of the Tamil Eelam (LTTE), providing a comprehensive overview of the main development sectors. The case of Mannar demonstrates that while it was worthwhile on humanitarian grounds to carry out these programmes, the tangible improvements in the district had no impact on the macro-level politician situation and the structural determinants of the conflict.

What will follow is a representation of some of these definitions moving from the theoretical to the more practical governmental organisation (GO), and non-governmental organisation (NGO) definitions. 12 The essay is theoretical and difficult to précis, but Hugh Miall et al. 13 Later, in 1996, Galtung continued with his ideas of structure and peace and his ideas about peacebuilding relate to his thoughts on ‘positive’ peace, where it is the process of identifying and establishing the ‘structure’ and ‘culture’ of peace.

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