Alfred Wegener: Creator of the Continental Drift Theory by Lisa Yount

By Lisa Yount

Whilst German meteorologist Alfred Wegener first proposed his groundbreaking concept of continental displacement, later referred to as continental waft, in 1912, his geologist friends rejected his conception as the box of geology on the flip of the century was once dependent in 18th- and 19th-century observations in regards to the nature of the earth and the planet's improvement. Wegener's thought of continental flow proposed that the large landmasses slowly moved at the earth's floor over hundreds of thousands of years. His thought defined numerous observations made in regards to the earth, from how the continents shaped, to what factors earthquakes, to how the earth's floor maintains to alter. An itinerant explorer, Wegener traveled world wide, and he died whereas on a polar venture in Greenland. It wasn't until eventually a long time after his dying that the continental float conception proved fruitful to different scientists within the twentieth century. In "Alfred Wegener", find out how this bold adventurer pieced jointly a conception that later revolutionized the Earth sciences.

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He also introduced Wegener to his daughter, Else, who was just 16 years old in 1908, when the two first met. Else was greatly struck by this handsome young man 12 years older than herself: “He was still tanned from the Arctic Sun and the Weather Pioneer 9 sea air,” she recalled later in a book she wrote about Wegener. ” Apparently the attraction was mutual: The two would marry five years later. Meanwhile, the papers that Wegener wrote about his kite and balloon observations in Greenland led the University of Marburg to hire him in 1909 to teach meteorology and astronomy.

The sluggish sima slowly gave way before the moving blocks of sial and then closed up behind them, much as syrup or honey does if a person drags a finger through it. Matching Rocks Wegener offered extensive arguments from geology to support his idea that certain continents had once been joined together in larger landmasses. If the edges of the continents had once lain side by side, he wrote, rock formations that had developed before the separation should be similar on both sides of the break, just as the edges of a photograph ripped in half would show similar light and dark areas because they had once been part of a single picture.

To understand, Georgi recalled, (Foto Marburg Art Resource) 0 Alfred Wegener yet he never talked down to them. He often enlivened his lectures with tales of his Greenland adventures. Wegener’s thermodynamics textbook was published in 1911, and several well-known meteorologists praised it. ” Although Martin Schwarzbach points out that, at 30 years old, Wegener was young to be writing such a work, the text became very popular and went through several editions. Indeed, according to Roger McCoy’s Ending in Ice, a biography of Wegener that focuses on his Greenland expeditions, Wegener’s book became “the standard textbook for atmospheric physics in Germany” in the 1910s and 1920s.

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