By Aslaug Mikkelsen, Oluf Langhelle
This ebook analyzes the increasing oil and fuel actions within the Arctic from the viewpoint of Sustainable improvement (SD) and company Social accountability (CSR). the point of interest is at the territories of the Arctic rim the place the present and destiny oil and gasoline actions within the Arctic are and should be situated. The ebook increases a couple of questions together with how sustainable improvement has been framed within the Arctic and the interplay among indigenous peoples, governments and oil and fuel businesses.
The ebook is split into 3 components. within the first a part of the e-book, oil and fuel are approached during the thoughts of sustainable improvement (SD) and company Social accountability (CSR) including the problem of weather switch. the second one half involves case reviews from Alaska, Canada, Norway and Russia the place the discourses on oil and gasoline within the Arctic are explored and the ultimate a part of the ebook attracts jointly the cloth from the rustic experiences in a comparative demeanour.
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Extra info for Arctic Oil and Gas: Sustainability at Risk?
But which environmental issues are not peripheral to sustainable development? Arguably, the environmental problems of sustainable development will differ along the vertical axes of sustainable development. At the regional and local level, environmental problems that threaten human need satisfaction today are no doubt sustainable development issues. They threaten the first priority of sustainable development, human need satisfaction and ‘the essential needs of the world’s poor to which overriding priority should be given’.
Glacial melt and river runoff add fresh water, which can slow down ocean circulation, affecting both the regional and global climate. It may alter the release and uptake of greenhouse gases in soils, vegetation and coastal oceans, and also have implications for biodiversity around the world affecting migratory species depending on the Arctic (ACIA, 2004: 10). The focus of the ACIA project, however, was as the title indicates, explicitly on impacts. 9 For oil and gas activities in the Arctic, therefore, it is a striking feature of the ACIA framing of oil and gas that the focus is on the impacts of climate change on oil and gas activities, not the other way around.
Arguably, the environmental problems of sustainable development will differ along the vertical axes of sustainable development. At the regional and local level, environmental problems that threaten human need satisfaction today are no doubt sustainable development issues. They threaten the first priority of sustainable development, human need satisfaction and ‘the essential needs of the world’s poor to which overriding priority should be given’. 22 Oluf Langhelle, Bjørn-Tore Blindheim and Olaug Øygarden From the specific framing of sustainable development in Our Common Future, therefore, environmental problems that threaten human need satisfaction, today or in the future, are the subject of sustainable development.